Jacob of Sarug

Mar Jacob (♱ ca. 521) is known by his followers as the flute of the Holy Spirit (sometimes even the Harp), second only in importance to St. Ephrem himself. From an early age, his prophetic voice and poetic splendor were recognized by ecclesiastical authorities.[1] He spent the majority of his life preaching throughout the territory of Batnan, but was ordained Bishop of Sarug in 518. Jacob remains not only an important spiritual writer, but an important source for historians of anti-Chalcedonian theology. Of his approximately 700 works, only roughly half survive, some of which have yet to be edited and many of which have yet to be translated into modern languages. Jacob's works can be found in the sources below. 


P. Bedjan, Acta martyrum et sanctorum (Paris/Leipzig, 1890-1897).

P. Bedjan, Cantus seu Homiliae Mar-Jacobi in Jesum et Mariam (Paris, 1902).

P. Bedjan, Homiliae selectae Mar-Jacobi Sarugensis, 5 vols (Paris/Leipzig, 1905-1910). [Vol. 1; Vol. 2; Vol. 3; Vol. 4; Vol. 5]. These have been republished in Bedjan, Paulus and Brock, Sebastian P., eds. Homilies of Mar Jacob of Sarug/Homiliae Selectae Mar-Jacobi Sarugensis (Piscataway, NJ, 2006).

P. Bedjan, S. Martyrii, qui est Sahdona, quae supersunt omnia (Paris/Leipzig, 1902), 603-866.

For more  on the life and works of Mar Jacob, see the Neal A. Maxwell Institute for Religious Scholarship as well as the entry for Jacob of Sarug in A Comprehensive Bibliography on Syriac Christianity.

[Bedjan 1, 2, 3, 4, 5] [Edition of Brock] [Other Editions

Editions of Bedjan

The English titles have been taken from Sebastian Brock, who has published a translation of the titles collected by Bedjan as well as translated several homilies not collected by Bedjan in an edition published by Gorgias Press (here). Included for the following volumes are Bedjan's homily number, Brock's title, Bedjan's title, Bedjan's stated manuscript base and a hyperlink to Bedjan's text.

List of Abbreviations:

Other Homilies Attributed to Mar Jacob

A number of homilies have been attributed to Mar Jacob though have not been edited in the above volumes by Bedjan. In the sixth volume of Homilies of Mar Jacob of Sarug, Sebastian Brock has helpfully included material not found in the Bedjan homily volumes. Included below are the homilies presented by Brock with his translated title. The Syriac links below are take from prior edited versions or from the digitized manuscripts if no other edition is available.

Brock, Homilies of Mar Jacob, vol. 6 [Back to Top]

Homilies Attributed to Mar Jacob Edited in Other Works [Back to Top]




[1]  I. Aphram I Barsoum, The Scattered Pearls: A History of Syriac Literature and Sciences, trans., Matti Moosa (Piscataway, 2003), 256