Syriac Bible

Outline

Where to Start [Back to Top]

This is the best introduction to the Bible in Syriac, though there is now a second edition:

 

This little-known article by Michel van Esbroeck provides an excellent bibliographic guide to all the oriental versions of the Bible, including Syriac.

 

The Bible by Book [Back to Top]

Table of Contents

Old Testament Instrumenta

New Testament Instrumenta

Apocrypha/Pseudepigrapha Instrumenta

Old Testament

Genesis
Exodus
Leviticus
Numbers
Deuteronomy
Joshua
Judges
Ruth
1 Samuel (1 Kingdoms)
2 Samuel (2 Kingdoms)
1 Kings (3 Kingdoms)
2 Kings (4 Kingdoms)
1 Chronicles
2 Chronicles
Ezra (1 Esdras)
Nehemiah (2 Esdras)
3 Esdras
4 Esdras
Tobit
Judith
Esther
Job
Psalms 
Odes
Proverbs
Ecclesiastes (Qohelet)
Song of Songs
Wisdom of Solomon
Wisdom of Sirach (Ecclesiasticus)
Isaiah
Jeremiah
Lamentations
Epistle of Jeremiah
1 Epistle of Baruch
2 Epistle of Baruch
Apocalypse of Baruch
Ezekiel
Susanna
Daniel
Prayer of Azariah and the Song of the Three Young Men
Bel and the Dragon
Hosea
Joel
Amos
Obadiah
Jonah
Micah
Nahum
Habakkuk
Zephaniah
Haggai
Zechariah
Malachi
Prayer of Manasseh
1 Maccabees
2 Maccabees
3 Maccabees
4 Maccabees
5 Maccabees (Josephus, Bella, Book VI)

 

New Testament

Matthew
Mark
Luke
John
Acts
Romans
1 Corinthians
2 Corinthians
Galatians
Ephesians
Philippians
Colossians
1 Thessalonians
2 Thessalonians
1 Timothy
2 Timothy
Titus
Philemon
Hebrews
James
1 Peter 
2 Peter
1 John
2 John 
3 John
Jude
Revelation

Old Testament Instrumenta [Back to Top]

New Testament Instrumenta1 [Back to Top]

Apocrypha/Pseudepigrapha [Back to Top]

 

Old Testament2 [Back to Top]

 

New Testament [Back to Top]

 

 

​Syriac Bible [Back to Top]

Syriac Bibles on the Web

  • The most useful online tool for the study of the Syriac Peshitta New Testament is the Dukhrana Peshitta Tool, which gives full parsing information and multiple English translations through it's "analyze" links. The English translations include Etheridge, Murdock, Lamsa, and the KJV.

  • The STEP Bible at Tyndale House, Cambridge, offers a very flexible interface in which a number of ancient versions, including Syriac, can be viewed in parallel. Recent English translations, such as the ESV, are also available.

  • The Unbound Bible at Biola University in Los Angeles, allows you to view parallel Biblical versions, both ancient and modern.

  • The Bible Tool, a creation of the American Bible Society, the Society of Biblical Literature, and the Crosswire Bible Society, allows you to view the Peshitta (and other ancient versions) in parallel with translations into modern languages.

 

Scholarly Edition

  • The Leiden Peshitta Insitute's scholarly editions (without apparatus) can be searched through the Comprehensive Aramaic Lexicon (CAL) (alongside a number of other Syriac texts).

 

Mosul Bible

 

Peshitta Old Testament

 

Peshitta New Testament

 

Old Syriac Gospels

 

Harklean New Testament

 

Syro-Hexapla Old Testament

 

Christian Palestinian Aramaic​

 

Diatessaron

The Diatessaron of Tatian, dating from the late second century, though probably originally composed in Syriac, no longer survives in Syriac. There are only quotations from it in a number of different Syriac authors, most notably in Ephrem's Commentary on the Diatessaron, but also in Aphrahat, the Liber Graduum, Isho'dad of Merv, and even Rabbula of Edessa, a figure who opposed the use of the Diatessaron.  There may also be Diatessaronic influences on the Old Syriac Gospels and the Peshitta.

Though the original text of the Diatessaron no longer exists, the document had an influence on Gospel harmonies in Late Antiquity and the Middle Ages from England in the West to Persia in the East.  Scholars have been able to look to Gospel Harmonies in a large number of languages in their attempt to reconstruct the Diatessaron.  These harmonies have been of interest to scholars on two levels: 1) their content, which may contain Diatessaronic readings (e.g., the great light which is present at the baptism of Jesus in Matthew 3:15-16 seems to be a Diatessaronic reading) and 2) their sequence/their arrangement of the events of the life of Jesus.

The following are Gospel Harmonies which are important for the study of the Diatessaron:

 

Apocrypha

 

Pseudepigrapha

 

English

 

Other Instrumenta

Bibliography [Back to Top]

  • 1. See also Peshitta New Testament. 2008 [Online]. Available: http://dukhrana.com/peshitta/. This resource includes several transcribed resources which can be compared side-by-side.
  • 2. This list roughly follows the order found in the Latin Vulgate because there is no agreement on book order, neither among Syriac printed Bibles nor mansucripts.
  • 3. Labeled as 2 Baruch 6
  • 4. Labeled as "Baruch"
  • 5. Daniel 3:24-90 in Vulgate
  • 6. Also see a commentary preserved in Syriac attributed to St. Cyril of Alexandria here.
  • 7. In the order of the lectionary
  • 8. In the order of the lectionary
  • 9. In the order of the lectionary
  • 10. In the order of the lectionary