Syriac Sasanian Sources

<h2><strong>General</strong></h2>

<p>J. Labourt,&nbsp;<em>Le christianisme dans l'empire perse</em>&nbsp;(1904).</p>

<p>W.A. Wigram,&nbsp;<em>An Introduction to the History of the Assyrian Church 100–640 AD</em>&nbsp;(1910).</p>

<p>J.M. Fiey,&nbsp;<em>Jalons pour une histoire de l'eglise en Iraq</em>&nbsp;(CSCO Subsidia 36, 1970).</p>

<p>W.G. Young,&nbsp;<em>Patriarch, Shah, and Caliph</em>&nbsp;(1974).</p>

<p>S. Gero,&nbsp;<em>Barsauma of Nisibis and Persian Christianity in the Fifth Century</em>&nbsp;(CSCO Subsidia 63, 1981).</p>

<p>M.L. Chaumont,&nbsp;<em>La christianisation de l'empire iranien des origines aux grandes persecutions du IVe siecle</em>&nbsp;(CSCO Subsidia 80, 1988).</p>

<p>(For briefer introductions, see J.P. Asmussen, "Christians in Iran",&nbsp;<em>Cambridge History of Iran III.2</em>&nbsp;(1983), 924–48, 1355–7; S.P. Brock "Christians in the Sasanid Empire: A Case of Divided Loyalties", reprinted in&nbsp;<em>Syriac Perspectives on Late Antiquity</em>&nbsp;(1984), ch.VI; G. Widengren, "The Nestorian Church in Sasanian and Early Post-Sasanian Iran", in L. Lanciotti (ed.), "Incontro di religioni in Asia tra il III e X secolo d.C." (Florence, 1984), 1–30); A.V. Williams, "Zoroastrians and Christians in Sasanian Iran",&nbsp;<em>Bulletin of the John Rylands Library Manchester&nbsp;</em>78 (1996), 37–53.)</p>

<p>&nbsp;</p>

<h2><strong>On Sources</strong></h2>

<p>S.P. Brock, "Syriac Sources for Seventh-Century History"', reprinted in&nbsp;<em>Syriac Perspectives on Late Antiquity</em>&nbsp;(1984).</p>

<p>———, "Syriac Historical Writing: A Survey of the Main Sources", reprinted in&nbsp;<em>Studies in Syriac Christianity</em>&nbsp;(1992).</p>

<p>M. Morony,&nbsp;<em>Iraq after the Muslim Conquest</em>&nbsp;(1984), "Resources": 537–654, esp. 561f, 620–32.</p>

<p>P. Nagel, "Grundzuge syrischer Geschichtsschreibung",&nbsp;<em>Berliner Byzantinische Arbeiten</em>&nbsp;55 (1990), 245–59.</p>

<p>J.R. Russell, "Christianity in Pre-Islamic Persia: Literary Sources",&nbsp;<em>Encyclopaedia Iranica</em>&nbsp;5 (1992), 523–8.</p>

<p>G. Widengren, "Sources of Parthian and Sasanian History",&nbsp;<em>Cambridge History of Iran III.2</em>&nbsp;(1982), 1261–83, esp. 1276–8.</p>

<p>&nbsp;</p>

<h2><strong>Chronicles</strong></h2>

<p><em>Chronicle of Seert</em>,&nbsp;<em>Patrologia Orientalis</em>&nbsp;(PO) 4, 5, 7, 13 (+ French translation); index to part I: PO 5, 335–42; to part II: Fiey in&nbsp;<em>MUSJ</em>&nbsp;42 (1966), 201–18.</p>

<p>Chronicle of Karka d-Bet Slokh: see Fiey,&nbsp;<em>Analecta Bollandiana</em>&nbsp;82 (1964), 189–222.</p>

<p><em>Khuzistan Chronicle</em>: ed. + Latin translation, I. Guidi,&nbsp;<em>Chronica Minora I</em>&nbsp;(CSCO 1/1 and 2/2; German translation by T. Noldeke, SbAkWissWien B.128 (1893), + commentary. (Arabic tr. P.Haddad, 1976).</p>

<p><em>Chronicle of Arbela</em>: ed. + French translation, A. Mingana,&nbsp;<em>Sources syriaques</em>&nbsp;(1907; + German translation, P. Kawerau, CSCO Scr.Syri 199–200 (1985); Latin translation in&nbsp;<em>Orientalia Christiana</em>&nbsp;8 (1927), 146–204. Cp. Assfalg,&nbsp;<em>Oriens Christianus</em>&nbsp;1966, and Fiey,&nbsp;<em>L’Orient Syrien</em>&nbsp;1967.</p>

<p>&nbsp;</p>

<h2><strong>Church Histories</strong></h2>

<p>Barhadbeshabba `Arbaya: ed. + French translation, F. Nau,&nbsp;<em>PO</em>&nbsp;9 (part II) and 23 (part I).</p>

<p>Barhebraeus: ed. + Latin translation, J.B. Abbeloos and T. Lamy (1872–7).</p>

<p>&nbsp;</p>

<h2><strong>Monastic Histories</strong></h2>

<p>Isho`dnah,&nbsp;<em>Liber Castitatis</em>: ed. + French translation, J.B. Chabot (1896).</p>

<p>Thomas of Marga,&nbsp;<em>Liber Superiorum</em>: ed. + English translation, E.A.W. Budge,&nbsp;<em>The Book of Governors</em>&nbsp;(1893). Arabic translation, A. Abouna (1966).</p>

<p>&nbsp;</p>

<h2><strong>Martyrdoms</strong></h2>

<h3><strong>General</strong></h3>

<p>P. Peeters, "Le passionaire d'Adiabene",&nbsp;<em>Analecta Bollandiana</em>&nbsp;43 (1925), 261–326.</p>

<p>I. Ortiz de Urbina,&nbsp;<em>Patrologia Syriaca</em>&nbsp;(2nd ed. 1965), 194–8 (Martyres Persiae).</p>

<p>P. Devos, "Les martyrs persans à travers leurs actes syriaques",&nbsp;<em>Atti del Convegno sul Tema La Persia e il Mondo Greco-Romano</em>&nbsp;(1966), 213–25.</p>

<p>G. Wiessner, "Untersuchungen zur syrischen Literaturgeschichte I:&nbsp;Zur Martyrerüberlieferung aus der Christenverfolgung Schapurs II", AbAkWissGottingen III.67 (1967), reviewed in&nbsp;<em>JTS</em>&nbsp;ns 19 (1968), 300–9.</p>

<p>P. Gignoux, "Titres et fonctions religieuses sasanides d'après les sources syriaques hagiographiques",&nbsp;<em>Acta Antiqua Acad.Hung.</em>&nbsp;28 (1980) 191–203 [also in J.Harmatta (ed.),&nbsp;<em>From Hecataeus to al-Huwarizmi</em>&nbsp;(Budapest, 1984)].</p>

<p>———, "Sur quelques relations entre chrétiens et mazdens d'après les sources syriaques",&nbsp;<em>Studia Iranica</em>&nbsp;28 (1999), 83–94.</p>

<p>J. Rist, "Die Verfolgung der christen im spatantiken Sasanidenreich: Ursachen, Verlauf, und Folgen",&nbsp;<em>Oriens Christianus</em>&nbsp;80 (1996), 17–42.</p>

<p>R.W. Burgess, "The Dates of the Martyrdom of Simeon bar Sabba`e...",&nbsp;<em>Analecta Bollandiana</em>&nbsp;117 (1999), 9–47.</p>

<p>R. Mercier, "The Dates in the Syriac Martyr Acts",&nbsp;<em>Analecta Bollandiana&nbsp;</em>117 (1999), 47–66.</p>

<h3><strong>Selections in Translation</strong></h3>

<p>Simeon bar Sabba`e: ed. + Latin translation, M. Kmosko,&nbsp;<em>Patrologia Syriaca</em>&nbsp;2 (2 versions).</p>

<p>Kardagh: ed. + Latin translation, J.B. Abbeloos,&nbsp;<em>Analecta Bollandiana&nbsp;</em>9 (1890); cp also G. Wiessner, in W. Eilers (ed.),&nbsp;<em>Festgabe deutscher Iranisten zur 2500 Jahrfeier Irans</em>&nbsp;(Stuttgart, 1971), 141–55.</p>

<p>G. Hoffmann, Auszuge aus syrischen Akten persischer Martyrer (1880).</p>

<p>O. Braun,&nbsp;<em>Ausgewahlte Akten persischer Martyrer</em>&nbsp;(1915).</p>

<p>S.P. Brock and S.A. Harvey,<em>&nbsp;Holy Women of the Syrian Orient&nbsp;</em>(1987).</p>

<p>———, "A Martyr at the Sasanid Court under Vahran II: Candida",&nbsp;<em>Analecta Bollandiana</em>&nbsp;96 (1978), 167–8 [Reprinted,&nbsp;<em>Syriac Perspectives on Late Antiquity</em>&nbsp;(1984)].</p>

<p>&nbsp;</p>

<h2><strong>Hagiography</strong></h2>

<p><em>Life of Ahudemmeh</em>: ed. + French translation,&nbsp;<em>PO</em>&nbsp;3.</p>

<p><em>Life of Marutha</em>: ed. + French translation,&nbsp;<em>PO</em>&nbsp;3.</p>

<p><em>Lives of Rabban Hormizd and Rabban Bar Idta</em>: ed. + English translation, E.A.W. Budge,&nbsp;<em>The Histories of R. Hormizd the Persian and R. bar Ida</em>&nbsp;(1902).</p>

<p>&nbsp;</p>

<h2><strong>Miscellaneous</strong></h2>

<p>Barhadbeshabba of Halwan,&nbsp;<em>History of the Foundation of the Schools</em>: ed. + French translation,&nbsp;<em>PO</em>&nbsp;4.</p>

<p><em>Statutes of School of Nisibis</em>: ed. + English translation, A. Voobus, (1962); cp Voobus,&nbsp;<em>History of the School of Nisibis&nbsp;</em>(CSCO Subs.26, 1965); M. Wolska,&nbsp;<em>La topographie chrétienne de Cosmas Indicopleustes</em>&nbsp;(1962), 63–84 ("Cosmas et l'école de Nisibe"); G. Reinink, in J.W. Drijvers and A. Macdonald (eds),&nbsp;<em>Centres of Learning ..</em>(1995), 77–89.</p>

<p>Synods of Church of the East: ed. + French translation, J.B. Chabot,&nbsp;<em>Synodicon Orientale</em>&nbsp;(1902); cp W. Selb,&nbsp;<em>Orientalisches Kirchenrecht</em>, I SbOstAkWissWien, phil.-hist.Kl.388 (1981); S. Brock,&nbsp;<em>Studies in Syriac Christianity</em>&nbsp;(1992), ch.XII.</p>

<p>Monastic Rules: ed. + English translation, A. Vööbus,&nbsp;<em>Syriac and Arabic Documents Regarding Legislation Relative to Syrian Asceticism</em>&nbsp;(1960).</p>

<p>&nbsp;</p>

<h2><strong>Topography</strong></h2>

<p>J.M. Fiey,&nbsp;<em>Assyrie chrétienne I-III&nbsp;</em>(Beirut 1965–8).</p>

<p>———,&nbsp;<em>Communautés syriaques en Iran et Iraq des origines à 1552</em>&nbsp;(1979).</p>

<p>&nbsp;</p>

<p>(Further bibliography can be found by consulting the Classified bibliographies for Syriac studies in&nbsp;<em>Parole de l'Orient</em>&nbsp;4 (1973) [for 1960–1970]; 10 (1980/1) [for 1971–80]; 14 (1987) [for 1981–5]; 17 (1992) [for 1986–90]), or, combined, as&nbsp;<em>Syriac Studies: A Classified Bibliography 1960–1990</em>&nbsp;(Kaslik 1996); and [for 1991–1995]&nbsp;<em>Parole de l’Orient</em>&nbsp;23 (1998).</p>